June 6, 2024

Former President Donald Trump鈥檚 recent conviction on felony charges raised a host of other questions.

Can Trump still run for president? Yes,听. Can he vote in Florida? It鈥檚听.

But the answer to another question isn鈥檛 as clear: How will Trump鈥檚 felony conviction affect his ability to travel internationally? Social media听听听there were dozens of听听that Trump can no longer enter because of his conviction.

Many countries have rules barring people convicted of felonies from entering. However, those rules vary widely and many leave room for exemptions. If Trump is again elected president and visits a country on official business, he would likely be granted entry, but it鈥檚 not guaranteed, experts said.

A Manhattan jury on May 30 found Trump guilty of all听听of falsifying business records in an alleged scheme to cover up a hush money payment to adult film actor Stormy Daniels before the 2016 presidential election. Trump is scheduled to be sentenced July 11. Judge Juan Merchan has the power to impose travel restrictions at that time, limiting Trump鈥檚 travel outside the U.S.

Countries have discretion about when and how to admit foreigners

Many countries singled out in the social media posts about Trump limit entry for foreigners who have been convicted of felonies. Factors considered in whether to grant entry include the type of crime, when it occurred and the sentence length.

For example, Australia鈥檚 visitor travel requirements听听that “you must not have any criminal convictions for which the sentences total 12 months or more, whether or not you have served the sentences.” Because Trump hasn鈥檛 been sentenced, it鈥檚 unclear whether whatever sentence he receives would fall into this category. Many听听have said they doubt Trump will be sentenced to prison.

听and the听听also can bar people convicted of felonies from visiting. The U.K. restrictions factor in the sentence length and conviction timing.

It鈥檚 unclear whether Trump’s felony conviction will affect his ability to travel to Trump International Golf Links in Scotland, which is part of the United Kingdom. When asked about how a potential visit from Trump may be handled, the U.K.’s Home Office said it does not comment on individual cases.

Harold Hongju Koh, a Yale University international law professor, said Trump鈥檚 travel to other countries as a former, and potentially future, head of state “would depend on how that country chooses to administer its entry laws.”

Even sitting heads of state, he said, don鈥檛 have “an affirmative right that entitles” them to enter a country, although Trump would have diplomatic immunity in other countries if he鈥檚 reelected.

“China, where President Xi Jinping has broad executive authority, could decide to admit him between now and November as a former U.S. president who also could be a future U.S. president,” Koh said. “But that would be based on a discretionary act of the Chinese executive under Chinese law, not on any general rule of international law.”

Evelyn Cruz, an Arizona State University law professor who directs the university鈥檚 immigration clinic, said all countries have admission rules and it鈥檚 possible Trump might need a waiver for any country he seeks to visit.

“Whether he needs to apply ahead or at the entry point will depend on the country鈥檚 policies,” Cruz said. If Trump were to be reelected in November, “he would be traveling under the head of state diplomatic immunity, and therefore, the countries would let him in.”

She noted the U.S. has a similar diplomatic policy and has let in people accused or convicted of war crimes to attend United Nations gatherings.

Diplomatic immunity holds that certain government officials are not subject to jurisdiction of local courts and other authorities for their official duties, a 2018听听said. In the U.S., a head of state automatically qualifies for an听, regardless of the visit鈥檚 purpose.

Similar travel questions听听when former President George W. Bush ran for president in 2000. One news report听听he was granted special permission to enter Canada because he acknowledged a 1976 misdemeanor DUI charge, for which he had pleaded guilty and paid a fine. A Canada Border Services Agency spokesperson told PolitiFact the agency doesn鈥檛 comment on individual cases.

To examine the travel challenges Trump might face, we also examined how the U.S.鈥 northern and southern neighbors handle convicted felons entering their countries.

Canada鈥檚 rules about admission for people convicted of felonies

Under听, a visitor with a criminal conviction can be barred from entering the country, a U.S. State Department听.

Mario Bellissimo, a Canadian immigration lawyer, said Trump could be denied entry because of his conviction.

“He is inadmissible to Canada and would be eligible (to apply for a certificate of) rehabilitation five years after the completion of any sentence,” Bellissimo said.

For certificates of rehabilitation, an immigration officer decides if a foreign national poses a risk of reoffending, taking into account factors related to the crime and what the offender has done since to show he or she is not a risk, Bellissimo said.

However, there are exceptions to these procedures, Bellissimo said.听听of听 Canada鈥檚 Immigration and Refugee Protection Act affords immigration officers the leeway to grant a temporary resident permit.

“Someone like a former president or a Republican (presidential) nominee that might be coming here for official duties or official business, that would be a very strong factor that would weigh in his favor for entry to Canada,” he said.

Luke Reimer, a Canada Border Services Agency spokesperson, said admission to Canada is decided case by case based on the information available at the time of entry about whether travelers meet entry requirements.

He said several factors determine whether a person can enter, including criminal history.

The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act lists听听a person can be found inadmissible to Canada, including being convicted outside Canada of a crime that would be an indictable offense in Canada. Trump鈥檚 conviction on falsifying business records is also a听.

Mexico鈥檚 rules about admitting people convicted of felonies

Mexican law also allows immigration authorities to deny foreigners entry if they were charged with or convicted of a serious crime in Mexico or elsewhere, the U.S. State Department听.

A听听from the Mexican Consulate in Miami about forms visitors to Mexico must fill out notes that a person with a criminal record could be denied entry for serious crimes.

“There is no way to know about your case before you travel,” the page said, recommending that travelers contact authorities in their own country to find out if they have shared information with other countries.

An Embassy of Mexico in Canada听听about visiting Mexico with a criminal record says people could be denied entry for serious crimes. The crimes listed include “tax fraud and comparable crimes.”

PolitiFact Staff Researcher Caryn Baird, Staff Writers Loreben Tuquero, Kwasi Gyamfi Asiedu and Sara Swann and Contributing Writer Sofia Ahmed contributed to this report.

This fact check was originally , which is part of the 澳门六合开奖直播 Institute. See the sources for this fact check .

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Jeff Cercone is a contributing writer for PolitiFact. He has previously worked as a content editor for the Chicago Tribune and for the South Florida…
Jeff Cercone

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